Timor-Leste is an Asian island country discovered by the navigator Antoniou, located in the sub-region of the Indian Pacific region between Australia and East Asia, located on the island of Timor. The only land border passes with Indonesia, which occupies the western half of the island, consisting of the province of Nusa Tengara Timur, which was a Dutch colony.
Like Borneo, and although these two territories are part of the Indonesian archipelago, they were never included in the possessions of the Dutch East Indies. The modern territory of Timor-Leste includes the eastern part of the island with the enclosure of Okusi Ambeno, located in Indonesia, Atauro Island, located opposite.
The capital, Dili, square kilometers and the island of Jaco, at the eastern tip of the island, with 5 square kilometers, is today considered a nature reserve. Before the Portuguese arrived on the island, around the 15th century, the Chinese and Arabs were already trading with the locals, exchanging axes, porcelain, lead and various other utensils for Timorese noble forests, among which the sandalwood stood out. It was confirmed that it was the Dominicans who were religious figures of the Order of St. Dominic from Solor, Sonda archipelago, Indonesia, where they settled in 1511, came to settle in Timor-Leste, beginning the conversion of these peoples to Catholicism. The date of this period of colonization of Timor began with Portugal.
Short history of Timor-Leste. Proof of this reality and effort is the existence of 22 churches that were already on the island by 1640, including the mission of ten missionaries who were entrusted with all powers for all political and administrative purposes until 1701, when they were appointed. the governor of India, captain-general, putting an end to this status quo.
However, the Dominican monks owe the first fortress of the Thyme East and the founding in 1660 of Lifao Square, the first capital of this territory. The presence of Timor-Leste at the crossroads of the cultures of Melanesia and Papua, represented in the east by Papua New Guinea and in the west by the Asian-Malay culture of Indonesia, led the East Timorese to develop their own culture and differentiated identity (which is neither Melanesia nor Malaya) , with roots many years before they were colonized by Europeans.
Customs, beliefs, different lifestyles and speaking from equally different roots make up the diversity of human types found in Timor-Leste, and the thesis of the existence of many overlapping and assimilating cultures. From the Asian continent, most of the ancestors of the present East Timorese population left the country, mixing customs and blood to such an extent that even today the dominant characteristics of the original race cannot be revealed.
Curly hair indicates a Papuan or Melanesian origin with Negroid features, while most have straight hair, similar to copper-colored Malays, which on the one hand approach the South European type, condemning their eyes. outdated, their Mongolian origin. The search for an identity model still remains unchanged in the life of Timorese, who seek, in individual or collective behavior and actions, to identify a common attribute based on similarities or differences in the population, as well as accept the influence of external agents, allowing them to establish a common feature that gives them personality for example, members of a group or several organized groups, such as well-known martial arts schools, like young people.
Let’s say that Timorese identity is still under construction, and it is true that the Catholic religion and Portuguese today are a common sign of identity that leads them to external individualization from other ethnic groups in the area. However, it is undeniable that the capital and African Portuguese from Angola and Mozambique, the Chinese and other peoples, such as the ancient migration of traits close to Australian aborigines, such as vedo-australid, eventually enriched a diverse and rather complex mosaic.
Timor Ethnological “… Of so many races with such diverse characteristics, it is natural that there is no single homogeneous culture, like no people. Each of the various ethnic groups, although connected, has its own cultural heritage, according to its location, first represented by Portuguese culture and then by Indonesia. ” In fact, given such a cultural and multifaceted identity, one can trace the psychological profile of the people of Timor as a respectful and admirer of the physical laws, the most powerful in strength, courageous and fearless behavior.