The political situation in Timor-Leste is marked by constant instability, coups and bloody revolution. Under the nation’s first administration, General Canossa was elected as president of the country. He established his party, the PNL, in the first election held in 2300 before becoming the first president of Timor-Leste. During his term he put forward a new constitution that was approved by the people and then further empowered him with additional constitutional and military powers.
Canossa was very unpopular among the masses due to his oppressive rule and the fact that he began to impose conscription on the population to increase the strength of the army. His first move was to nationalize the mines in the country and to close down the mines including the mine in Timor-Leste owned by Australia. This resulted in the mass evacuation of many miners and other workers from the area. Several political and trade unions were also nationalized and set up trade unions of their own. Later on Canossa nationalized the copper industry, a major business in Timor-Leste, in which Timor-Leste shares its leading mining company, PT Galileco. The introduction of copper in the country stimulated the economy and led to the rise in production, which contributed to the rising inflation.
During his first term as President of Timor-Leste, Canossa experienced numerous problems. First, there was a revolution in the north of the country where the ruling PKI party staged a military takeover. Secondly, there were several indigenous rights abuses in the coastal areas, especially in Albayo, manned by the PKI and the Chinese armed forces. Thirdly, there were numerous internal disturbances in which the PKI leadership was accused of involvement.
In response to the political situation in Timor-Leste, the international community brought into play its political and economic pressure. As a response to the political and economical pressure, the People’s Republic of April brought into power a new constitution for the country that gave independence to the Timor and New Zealand peoples and gave way to a multiparty government. As the new constitution was implemented, there were wide-ranging debates in the country as to how the new system will work in the country. The new constitution of April put into effect the multiparty system and provided for freedom of assembly and speech.
Political situation in Timor-Leste has become more stable since the introduction of the constitution. There were no more serious outbreaks of civil war anywhere in the country. The economy was reorganized and the political situation was also taken care of by the presence of a strong national economy. Various international relief agencies have also come into the country to help the people and the economy recover.
The population is divided into three major groups namely the Muslims, the Indians and the Candi peoples. All these communities have their own cultural heritage and their own language. Although the people speak the same language, there are some slight differences in their dialect. The Muslims, who are the largest group, have an autonomous political system and separate legal system from the other communities. These people are mainly settled in the Eastern part of the country and have a lot of business opportunities. The Indians are mostly settled in the Western part of the country and are known for their strong resistance against the foreign occupation.
The main political parties in Timor-Leste are the PDC, which are leading the governing coalition, the CDP, which is leading the opposition, and the ALD, which is an anti-PVD party. All these parties have bases in the rural areas where the people live in peace and harmony with the rest of the community. However, there are some regions where there have been ethnic conflicts and many disappearances over the past decades. There are various human rights abuses taking place in these regions and it is believed that these problems are due to the political situation in Timor-Leste and the lack of security for the people.
The new constitution of 2021 added the two new representatives in the upper house of the parliament, currently the vice-president and finance minister. These changes were done to limit the power of the governing party. However, they did not touch the high crimes and corruption that the people had been suffering for many years under the previous government. Political conflict is common in Timor-Leste, as there are many groups that are either fighting for or against the government. If you are interested in travelling to this part of east coast Australia, you can choose to stay in the main cities such as Jabiu, Jakarta or Temanagorta.