Timor-Leste is an island nation located in Southeast Asia. It occupies the northern half of the island of Timor, which is surrounded by coral reefs. The capital, Dili, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a major hub for the country’s independence struggles. Climb the 27m high statue of the national hero, Cristo Rei de Dili, for fantastic views of the city.
The Timor-Leste political system has undergone major changes since its independence in 2002. The first major change came with the resignation of Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao on 6 February 2015. The subsequent period of instability and turmoil has been marked by a series of governmental reforms and electoral reforms. The party system has not been able to meet these challenges, and the country has made progress.
The government of Timor-Leste took action in opposition to the UN’s call to call for a ceasefire, and introduced lockdown measures. Public transportation was suspended, meetings of five or more were prohibited, and businesses were closed. In addition, the government of Timor-Leste had recently declared a state of emergency, which affected local businesses and the economy. Thousands of expatriates fled the country in 2008, resulting in significant damage to local businesses.
A recent change in the Timor-Leste political system has caused uncertainty in the country’s future. During the first year of independence, the political system returned to the pattern of party politics and national unity, after a period of stability and reform. Personal rivalries and factionalism continued, as well as a renewed focus on the national interest. In the interim, the government gave the Fretilin time to fight the pandemic and gain a majority in parliament.
The Timor-Leste government has responded to the call of the UN to restore stability and security. In 2016, the CNRT voted down the proposed 2020 budget, and the Prime Minister Taur Matan Ruak publicly declared that AMP was dead. On February 24, 2019, the President of Timor-Leste dissolved the parliament and appointed a new prime minister. In the same year, the country saw multiple rounds of negotiations and dialogues, in which Gusmao led new majority alliances.
After independence, Timor-Leste’s political system returned to the pattern of party politics that characterized it before and after the 2015-2017 transition. Despite this political stability, the opposition remained divided, with the CNRT’s leaders pursuing their own interests. During this time, the CNRT rejected the government’s 2020 budget, and its leader, Taur Matan Ruak, publicly declared that the government was “dead.” The coalitions have been forced to engage in multiple rounds of dialogues, and Gusmao, now the president, has been leading a minority government.
Timor-Leste’s judicial system remains a problem for many Timorese. Despite a strong democratic framework, judicial independence is often compromised by political apathy and corruption. This situation makes it essential to maintain the independence of the judicial system, which is essential for a peaceful and stable country. Its long-term stability is imperative for ensuring that the Timor-Leste people have the freedom to choose their government.