In an attempt to destroy any nationalism, the invader began the forced use of his language. So, once in Dili it was said “Indonesian Bahasa”, that is, translated into Portuguese “Indonesian language”. Attempts are also being made to change customs and practices, and some East Timorese marry Indonesians, and Indonesian education is officially provided in East Timor.
It is under this pretext that the East Timorese are also forced to undergo compulsory military service, but now they are integrated into the Indonesian army, and two East Timorese battalions are being created in the Indonesian army. Well-known East Timorese militia groups, which they called Hansip, were also created, and they were part of the partisan units that accompanied the Indonesian troops during the invasion, and other supporters of the East Timorese integration movement.
Already in 1982, the UN adopted a resolution requiring the withdrawal of Indonesian troops from the country. The following year, the commander signed an agreement with the head of the armed forces of Indonesia to end hostilities, but the president of Indonesia, Suharto, did not recognize the agreement. The conflict continued. In 1988, they joined and created, as already mentioned, Nationalist Convergence.
In 1989, the UN accepted the proposal to abandon the Indonesian occupation of Timor-Leste. This year, Pope John Paul II visits the country, and this visit would cause a struggle for the East Timorese, who, taking advantage of the media coverage of this act on world television, put up a poster demonstrating against the presence and occupation of Indonesia.
Unfortunately, the Indonesian repression was brutal, even the ban on teaching the local language, Tetum. Collective graves were discovered in various parts of the country, indicating mass executions. However, Portugal did not fail to monitor and condemn the situation in Timor-Leste; the constant violation of human rights, the promotion of the creation of human rights lobbies in support of the struggle of the East Timorese, the skillful use of the influence that the images during the Santa Cruz massacre on international television, especially on CNN, have caused worldwide.
Timor-Leste economy. With a very undeveloped economy, since it is still in its infancy, economic activity is actually structured in the subsistence economy system, that is, production aimed at producers’ own consumption, and their productivity is also very low. mainly due to the lack of experience of his actors. In any case, Timor-Leste is small and the fact that its economy depends on a small amount of exported raw materials; only coffee is known (bought by Portugal and Germany).
According to Timor-Leste’s Banking and Payments Authority, in its annual report for 2002-2003, coffee exports reportedly amounted to about $ 3 million. US and 5 million. USA in 2001 and 2002, respectively. total exports amount to 4 and 6 million US dollars per year.
It should be noted here that agricultural production of coffee is affected by what is happening in the coffee industry. Given that international prices for this product have been falling for several years, it is likely that there will be a drop in production at the national level, as some producers apparently abandoned their crops, mainly due to an unfavorable difference in labor costs. price paid or payable for the sale of products. Another export sporadically exists, but with a very small expression, as is the case with some cattle.It is anticipated that this economic weakness will affect the participation and integration of this small and developing countries in world trade, combined with the fact that its economy lives in an artificial situation due to the presence of a large international community affected by the United Nations and its Agency, consisting of both large military contingents, as well as a significant number of civilian personnel of various nationalities and other international organizations working in the field.